Biological Field and Career

1.1  Biological Field and Career
Meaning of Biology
  • ‘Bios’ is life & ‘logos’ is study.
  • Biology is the study living organisms, their life processes and interaction with the environment.
Examples of biological research areas:
Fields Explainations
  • Study about plant life
  • Study of the function and mechanims in organisms.
  • Study of inheritance and genetic variation.
  • Study of microorganisms.
  • Study of interactions between organisms and their environment.
The contribution of biology in everyday life:
  • Medical: In vitro fertillisation,family planning,plastic surgery and gene therapy.
  • Pharmaceutical: Production of synthetic vitamins,vaccines,insulin abd synthetic enzymes.
  • Food production: Use of microorganims in the production of cheese,soy sauce,tapai and tempe.
  • Agriculture: Transgenic crops and animals,hydroponic and aeroponic technology.
Careers related to biology:
  • Agriculture officer
  • forest manager
  • Ecologist
  • Bio-technologist
  • Marine biologist
  • Pharmacist
  • Nurses
  • Doctors
  • Optician
  • Dentist
  • Dietitian
  • Physiotherapist
  • Biochemist
  • Veterinarian
  • Environmental officers
  • Bioinformatic engineer