## Length, Mass and Volume of Liquid

 7.1 Measurement of Length, Mass and Volume of Liquid

Let's Calculate

Situation 1

Student 1: Ajay, your height is 1.4 m.

Student 2: Ajay, your mass is 36 kg.

Does Ajay have an ideal body mass?

$$BMI = \dfrac{Body\ mass\ (kg)}{Height\ (m)\times Height\ (m)}\\ \quad\space\space\space=\dfrac{36}{1.4\times 1.4}\\ \quad\space\space\space=\dfrac{36}{1.96}\\ \quad\space\space\space=18.36$$

Situation 2

The picture below shows the volume of water in two containers, R and S.

Mrs Jim wants to prepare some syrup. Sh dissolves 180 g of sugar in container R. How much sugar, in g, should be dissolved in container S so that both the containers have the same concentration of syrup?

$$1\ 500\ ml$$ → $$180\ g$$

$$1\ ml$$ → $$\dfrac{180\ g}{1500\ ml}$$

$$450\ ml$$ → $$\dfrac{180\ g}{1500\ ml}\times450\ ml=54\ g$$

Solve the Problems

Situation 1

Maria’s body mass is 68 kg. She is obese based on her mass, height, and age. She tried to reduce her body mass by cycling 3 km and jogging 2.5 km every day for four weeks. Then, her body mass decreased by 5%. Calculate Maria’s new body mass

Solution:

Original mass = 100%

New mass = 100% - 5% = 95%

$$\dfrac{95}{100}\times\ 68\ kg=0.95\times 68\ kg$$

\begin{aligned}\\ \small{\color{red}5}\space\space\space\small{\color{red}3}\quad\space\space\space\space\\ \small{\color{red}7}\space\space\space\small{\color{red}4}\quad\space\space\space\space\\ \quad0\space.\space9\space5\quad\\ \underline{\times\quad\space\space\space6\space8\space kg}\\ \small{\color{red}1}\quad\quad\quad\space\space\space\space\\ \space\space\space\space7\space\space6\space\space0\space\space\space\space\space\\ \underline{+\space5\space\space7\space\space0\space\space0\quad\space}\\ \underline{\space\space\space6\space\space4\space.6\space\space0\space kg\space}\\ \end{aligned}\\

Situation 2

Puan Ina buys a piece of cloth measuring 14 m in length that costs RM210. The cloth is cut into 7 pieces of equal lengths. She uses 3 pieces of the cloth to make a tablecloth. What is the length of cloth, in m, used to make the tablecloth? Calculate the cost of the tablecloth.

Solution:

The length of the tablecloth

\begin{aligned}\\ \small{\color{red}2}\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\\ \dfrac{3}{\cancel7}\times\cancel{14}\ m=3\times2\ m\\ \small{\color{red}1}\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\\ \quad\quad= 6\ m\quad\space\space\\ \end{aligned}\\

The cost of the tablecloth

\begin{aligned}\\ \small{\color{red}{RM30}}\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\space\space\\ \dfrac{3}{\cancel7}\times\cancel{RM210}\ m=3\times RM30\\ \small{\color{red}1}\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\quad\\ \quad\quad= RM\ 90\quad\space\\ \end{aligned}\\