Extinction threat of animals and plants

Animals and plants interact with each other and also with the environment. Human activities such as illegal logging have done a great deal of destruction and devastation to the environment. Animals and plants lose habitat and result in species extinction as well as increasing the number of endangered species. Therefore, society must play their respective roles in preserving and conserving endangered species.
5.1  Extinction threat of animals and plants
Extinct animals are animals that no longer exist on earth. Animals and plants that are facing extinction are known as endangered species.
  Extinction of animals and plants is the disappearance of species or there are no more animals and plants on the earth  
Animal extinctions can be identified through fossil discoveries, history and research.

Animals and Plants Threatened With Extinction

  • Endangered species are those that are declining in number and almost extinct
  Animals Threatened With Extinction  
  • Tapir
  • Pangolin
  • Turtle
  • Koala
  • Panda
  • Rhinoceros
  • Dugong
  • Tiger
  • Orangutan
  • Elephants
  • Gorilla
Activities That Threatened Animals and Plants
Natural disaster
  • Floods
  • Earthquake
  • Storm
  • Unplanned material disposal
  • Oil spill
Forest Exploration
  • Forests are explored for development and housing
  • Habitats were destroyed and many living things died
Illegal Hunting
  • Hunted for flesh, skin, horns and feathers
  • Illegal logging
5.2  Importance of mantaining the balance of nature
The balance of nature is very important to ensure the effectiveness of the ecosystem. Therefore, conservation and preservation must be actively carried out and emphasized by the community.
Preservation and Conservation Animals and Plants
  • Preservation means maintaining the original state of animals and plants from being destroyed
  • Conservation means restoring animals and plants to their natural state so that they can be enjoyed by future generations
Animals and Plants Preservation Efforts
  • Organising campaigns to protect endangered animals and plants
  • Organising campaigns that against logging and illegal hunting
  • Avoid buying products that are made from the body parts of endangered animals
  • Control licences to hunt protected animals
  • Cut only the selected trees

Steps of Conserving Animals and Plants

  • Replanting trees that are being cut in the logging areas
  • Establishing animals conservation (rehabilitation) center