Science Process Skills


Scientific skills are the skills of using scientific methods when conducting an investigation. Scientific skills consist of science process skills and manipulative skills.

1.1  Science Process Skills
Science process skills are skills that are widely used in daily life..
Science process skills are skills that prioritising methods of inquiry finding, thinking skills and problem solving
Science Process Skills
  • Measuring and using numbers
  • Classifying
  • Communicating
  • Makin an inference
  • Using the relationship of space and time
  • Predicting
  • Defining operationally
  • Making a hypothesis
  • Controlling the variables
  • Interpreting data
  • Experimenting
  • Observing
Planning experiment require investigations such as:
  • Interpreting data
  • Collecting data
  • Testing hypothesis
  • Identifying problems
  • Make hypothesis
  • Design an experiment
  • Run an experiment
  • Collect data
  • Analyze the data
  • Interpret the data
  • Make conclusions
  • Make a report
1.2  Manipulative Skills

Manipulative skills are essential to ensure that students are able to handle equipment, materials and specimen (living or non-living) correctly, safely, carefully and accurately.

Manipulative skills are psychomotor skills developed through investigation in science
Manipulative Skills
  • Using and handling equipment/material correctly
  • Handling specimen properly and safely
  • Sketching the specimen, equipments and science materials correctly
  • Cleaning the science equipments/apparatus properly
  • Keeping the science equipment and materials properly and safely