Preservation,Conservation and Restoration of Ecosystems


Preservation,Conservation and Restoration of Ecosystems

  • We have examined human activities that can have adverse effects on the environment.
  • However, this does not mean that human activities always have a negative impact on the environment.
  • In managing development, measures of conservation, preservation and restoration of ecosystems need to be taken to ensure sustainable development.

Preservation of ecosystems:

  • Ecosystem preservation is an effort to protect the components in an ecosystem in order to maintain its natural state.
  • One of the conservation measures is to gazette the forest reserve to maintain the natural beauty of its flora and fauna.
  • The forest reserve is protected from any development activities.
  • 90% of the upper part of the Belum Forest has not been explored and is a place of research.

Conservation of ecosystems:

  • Ecosystem conservation means the effort to restore environmental resources such as water, forests, energy, air, minerals and others that have been used without letting those resources become extinct.
  • Conservation strategies are carried out to ensure that the endangered ecosystem components can be saved.
  • There are two types of conservation strategies, namely in situ conservation and ex situ conservation.
  • In situ conservation maintains wildlife species in their original habitats such as national parks and marine parks.
  • Ex-situ conservation preserves wildlife species outside of their original habitats such as zoos and botanical gardens.

Restoration of ecosystems:

  • Ecosystem restoration means efforts to renew and restore natural ecosystems that have been degraded, damaged or destroyed by human activities.
  • Reforestation and the planting of land cover crops are among the remedial measures that can be taken to ensure the continuity of natural resources for future generations.