A part of speech which conveys:

  1. Actions (read, sing, dance, cook)
  2. State of being (sleep, breathe)
  Transitive verbs  

Verbs that require one or more objects.


Examples: She reads the book. (Reads is the verb, book is the object)

He announces his arrival. (Announces is the verb, arrival is the object)

Can be categorized into two types:

1. Monotransitive: requires exactly one object

Example: She recites a poem.

2. Ditransitive: may require two objects, a direct object an indirect object

Example: He offered his friend (first object) the job (second object)



  Intransitive verbs  

In contrast to transitive verbs, intransitive verbs do not require objects.


Examples: They run.

The dog swims.

The verbs run and swims have no objects therefore, they are intransitive.



  Auxiliary verbs  

Known as function verbs or helping verbs.



I am writing an essay.

He is helping his dad.

We will attend the meeting shortly.

They are singing in a choir.

He has repeated himself 10 times.

Do you like fruits?

You must go there.

Could you kindly open the door for me?


List of auxiliary verbs:

  • Be verbs (amareiswaswerebeing),
  • can,
  • could,
  • do (diddoesdoing),
  • have (hadhashaving),
  • may,
  • might,
  • must,
  • shall,
  • should,
  • will,
  • would

**Note: Whichever that is not in the list is not an auxiliary verb. They are known as full verbs.