A noun is a part of speech used to name a person, place, thing, quality, or action. A noun can function as a subject, object, complement, appositive, or object of a preposition.

  It can be singular or plural.  

Plural nouns usually add ‘-s’ to the end of the word, except for irregular nouns.

Singular Plural
Tooth Teeth
Fish Fish
Woman Women
Man Men


  Types of nouns  
(a) Abstract
(b) Collective
(c) Compound
(d) Common
(e) Countable
(f) Uncountable



 Abstract Nouns

  Abstract nouns  
  Used to describe something that cannot be seen or touched. It is used to describe qualities, states, and events, or actions.  
  Examples: Freedom, love, courage  

 Collective Nouns

  Collective nouns  
  Used to represent a group of people or things.  
  Examples: Family, flock, audience  

 Compound Nouns

  Compound nouns  
  Nouns that are made up of two or more words.  
  Example: sister-in-law, schoolboy, fruit juice  

 Common Nouns

  Common nouns  
  A name given to every person, place, object, or animal of the same kind of group.  
  Example: table, market, John, Paris, giraffe  

 Countable Nouns

  Countable nouns  
  Refer to objects that can be counted in numbers.  

There are two types:

SIngular countable nouns

Plural countable nouns

  Example of plural countable nouns: friends, houses, buses  

 Uncountable Nouns

  Uncountable nouns  
  Refer to objects that cannot be counted in numbers.  
  There is only one type; Singular, uncountable nouns.  
  Example: money, water, love